Here are some resources and links for the use of geographic analysis in the study of Chinese Buddhist history. My own data is published under a CC (SA-BY) license. If you find any errors, or would like to contribute other datasets, please get in touch.
October 2016 - now
Song gaoseng zhuan 宋高僧傳 data, extracted from the Song gaoseng zhuan Project:
Canxue Zhijin 參學知津 "Knowing the Paths of Pilgrimage":
The 1875 text of the 參學知津: 1. As PDF assembled from scans of the copies in the Fusinian Library and the Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg. 2 As .txt file, including a list of errata in place names we noticed during the georeferencing.
Overview article on the edition history of 參學知津: ‘Knowing the Paths of Pilgrimage’ - The Network of Pilgrimage Routes in 19th century China according to the Canxue zhijin 參學知津
Slides from a talk on 參學知津: The Network of Pilgrimage Routes in 19th century China according to the Canxue zhijin 參學知津
Gao Henian's 高鶴年 Mingshan youfangji 名山遊訪記.
Georeferenced and dated information on c.5500 Buddhist Temples in Taiwan. Created 2007-2010 at Dharma Drum. There is a large image database of Buddhist temples on the Dharma Drum website for this project.
The Chinese Historical GIS at Harvard project makes important datasets freely available.